Earl of Shrewsbury, Peerage of England, 1442
Charles Henry John Benedict Crofton Chetwynd Chetwynd-Talbot, Premier Earl of both England and Ireland - 22nd Earl of Shrewsbury and Waterford, 7th Earl Talbot, Viscount Ingestre, Baron Talbot.
Arms: Quarterly: 1st and 4th, gules a lion rampant, within a bordure engrailed or; 2nd and 3rd, azure a chevron between three mullets or.
1st Crest: On a chapeau, gules turned up ermine, a lion statant or, the tail extended.
2nd Crest: A goat's head erased, argent attired or.
Supporters: Two talbots argent.
Sir John Talbot, KG 1st Earl of Shrewsbury. This Lord Talbot, whom Shakespeare terms "the great Alcides of the field," was one of the most renowned captains of the warlike age he lived in. He sustained the cause of Henry VI, throughout the French realm, in battle after battle, until the very name Talbot became a terror to Frenchmen. Because of his effective service, he was created Earl of the County of Salop, or as usually styled, Earl of Shrewsbury on May 20, 1442. Then, on July 17, 1446, was created Earl of Waterford (in the peerage of Ireland). After this, he went once more to fight in France. He commanded a fleet, landed and took Falaise, and, as Lieutenant of the Duchy of Acquitaine, marched to the south and made Bordeaux surrender and the surrounding minor towns send in instant submission. He then advanced to the relief of Chastillon, and met the besieging French army commanded by their then greatest leader, Dunois, Bastard of Orleans. In the battle which ensued, (July 20, 1453) Talbot, at age 63, received a wound in the thigh, which proved immediately fatal. He had been victorious in forty different battles and dangerous skirmishes; his death proved fatal to the English dominion in France, which never flourished afterwards.
Charles, 12th Earl and Duke of Shrewsbury, KG, Created Duke of Shrewsbury and Marquess of Alton in 1694. Was a prominent statesman during the reigns of William and Mary, Queen Anne, and George I. He quit the Church of Rome and became a Protestant in 1679. Because of his steady adherence to the Protestant cause, he incurred the displeasure of James II (1685-1688). When His Grace died in 1718, leaving no heir, the dukedom and marquessate became extinct, with the other titles reverted to his cousin.
The current titles of Earl of Shrewsbury, Earl of Waterford, Earl Talbot, Viscount Ingestre, and Baron Talbot are all carried today by Charles Henry John Benedict Crofton Chetwynd Chetwynd-Talbot.
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